Cold storage is a vital component of the supply chain, ensuring food and chemicals remain fresher for longer and pharmaceuticals stay effective. Without it, these goods could spoil, resulting in severe loss of profit.
Employee training and warehouse automation can be key to efficient cold storage operations. These systems are designed to limit workers’ interaction with products and ensure they can move quickly and efficiently throughout the facility.
Employee training is essential to the success of any cold storage facility. It can help bolster workers’ resilience by increasing productivity and worker engagement.
One important component of the training is to educate employees about fire risks. This will help them respond appropriately in the event of a blaze.
Also, it helps them to identify ways to improve the safety of their work environment. Some examples of these improvements include making sure to wear approved cold-weather clothing, insulated footwear and other low-temperature gear, lap dat kho lanh thuc pham nha hangand ensuring a safe working environment by avoiding distractions.
As a general rule, employees in a cold-storage warehouse should be wearing approved work clothing that prevents them from becoming too cold or exposed to a dangerous temperature range. This includes a warm coat, insulated pants and gloves.
In cold storage, pallet racking is used to store different types of products. These items can include herbs, plants, and preserved food.
There are several styles of pallet racking, including roll-formed and structural style. Structural rack systems are stronger and more durable than rolled-form racks, but they may be more expensive.
Selective racking is a good option for warehouses that have a small number of pallets per stock-keeping unit (SKU). This system is first-in, first-out and supports inventory rotation.
Drive-in or drive-through racking is another good choice for cold storage facilities that require high storage density. This system reduces the number of aisles within a warehouse, which makes it easier to manage workflow and inventory management.
Push-back racking is another great option for cold storage facilities. This type of racking combines roller beds or cart systems that push back when a pallet is loaded and roll forward when the pallet is removed.
Choosing the right pallet racking is important for keeping your product safe. In cold storage, it is also essential to ensure that the products are stored at the proper temperature.
Compressors are the heart of a refrigeration system. This is why they should be carefully maintained.
In the refrigeration system, compressors work by compressing refrigerant and delivering it to condensers. This makes the refrigerant cool and converts it from a gas to liquid under high pressure.
Reciprocating compressors are the most commonly used type of compressors in cold storage. They have fewer moving parts than scroll compressors and are easier to maintain.
Rotary compressors are another popular type of compressors. They are easy to install and work efficiently in dirty atmospheres.
Pros: They deliver huge volumes of air and are quiet. They also use energy recovery to lower the power cost.
Cons: They are more expensive and require more maintenance than other types of compressors. They are not suitable for long stand-stills, and they have oil carryover problems.
Screw compressors use a set of screws that compress the refrigerant as it is pushed inside the compressor cylinder. The male rotor consists of 4 helical-structured lobes and the female rotor is made up of 6 flutes.
The cold chain is a set of logistics processes that maintain a consistent temperature for perishable products. These include food, pharmaceuticals, vaccines, chemicals, and other products that are susceptible to damage, spoilage, loss, or health risks if not kept in temperature-controlled environments.
It is a complex set of activities that includes manufacturing, transporting, storing, and monitoring these products. These processes may include the use of insulated pallets, containers, and temperature- and data-tracking equipment.
In addition, some shipments may require refrigeration during the transport process to keep them cool while they are being shipped across countries and oceans. Special refrigerated trucks, railcars, cargo ships, and aircraft are often used to ship these items.
The cold chain is crucial to keeping temperature-sensitive goods such as food, pharmaceuticals, and vaccines safe, effective, and ready for use. Failure to keep these products at the proper temperature will result in product spoilage, waste, and financial losses. This can affect manufacturers, retailers, and distributors.